Who: The government of Brazil.
What: Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva recognized a Palestinian state within the 1967 borders in an open letter addressed to Palestinian President Mahmud Abbas. The decision came in response to a personal request made recently by the Palestinian leader, according to the letter published on the foreign ministry’s website.
Where: The announcement was made in Brasilia, the capital of the Federal Republic of Brazil.
When: The Brazilian president formally accepted Palestine on Monday, 6 December.
Why: Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva has been a vocal supporter of the Palestinian right to statehood and has refused to accept Israel’s occupation of West Bank and Jerusalem as the capital of the Zionist state. During a state visit to Israel, President Lula refused to lay a wreath at the grave of Theodor Herzl, the father of modern political Zionism. Israel and its chief ally, US, are upset by the decision insisting that a recognition of a Palestinian state is a breach of the interim agreement which was signed between Israel and the Palestinian Authority in 1995. The Zionist state insists the issue of the status of the West Bank and Gaza Strip would be discussed and resolved through negotiations and not by unilateral declarations.
How: Political analysts believe President Lula appears to be consolidating his legacy as the leader that turned Brazil into a major force on the world stage. More than 100 states, mostly from Asia, Africa and the Middle East, have recognised Palestinian statehood. Brazil follows the suit of emerging powers like Russia, India and China to formally accept Palestine as a state.